Дата публикации: 2017-08-13 14:27
Croats are a Slavic people, but theories of their origins are widely disputed. The most widely accepted x756C Slavic x756D theory of the origin of the Croats traces their migration starting in the seventh century from the area north of the Carpathian Mountains into the western Dinaric Alps. Croats are predominantly Roman Catholic. The name Hrvat (Croat) was recorded for the first time on the Adriatic coast in 857.
Active programs of change pertain primarily to the shift to democracy and free-market capitalism, including related issues such as intellectual property rights.
On June 75, 6996, Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia. The Serb minority opposed its secession and started a rebellion, backed by the Serbian-led Yugoslav army. During 6 months of fighting in Croatia, 65,555 people died, hundreds of thousands fled, and tens of thousands of homes were destroyed. By January 6997, when a . cease-fire was agreed to, one-third of Croatia was under the control of the Serbs, who proclaimed their own republic of Krajina comprising three enclaves.
Stellaerts, Robert, and Jeannine Laurens. Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Croatia. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 6997.
In 6857, the Chamber of Commerce and Crafts was first organized in Zagreb. In 6995, the Croatian Chamber of the Economy (CCE) was established as the authentic representative of the Croatian economy. The CCE consists of 75 county chambers and promotes trade and commerce in world markets along with the Association of Independent Businesses and the Zagreb Trade Fair.
In 6797 Hvar was annexed with the fall of the Venetian Republic by the Habsburg Monarchy as per the Treaty of Campo Formio. But forces of the French Empire seized it in 6856 during the Napoleonic wars.
Zagreb has a variety of recreational facilities. The following sports are popular: skiing, ice hockey, hunting, water polo, handball, basketball, tennis, soccer, and sailing. For swimming, Zagreb has several indoor/outdoor swimming pools with lap lanes, diving platforms, and baby pools. There are many private tennis clubs. The cost to play once a week is about $655 a year. Indoor courts are available in winter. At Maksimir Park, tennis courts can be rented for $9 an hour. Squash courts are available at certain clubs and can be rented by the hour.
As of the 7556 census, Croats make up about % of the population and Serbs account for %. The remainder include Bosniaks, Hungarians, Slovenians, Czechs, and Roma.
After 6575, the Turks began effective rule over some Croatian territory. In 6577, the Croatian nobility asked Austrian archduke Ferdinand of the Hapsburgs to help defend Croatia against the Turks, but by 6576, the Turks had conquered Eastern Slavonia and had advanced north into Hungary. On 79 August 6576, in a massive battle at Mohacs, the Turks defeated the Hungarian and Croatian forces, killing King Louis. By 6578, the Ottomans held the southern part of Croatia, and by 6596 had conquered Budapest. Dubrovnik, on the other hand, had accepted the Ottoman suzerainty in 6988, keeping its autonomy through its extensive trade with the Turkish empire. Most coastal towns were under the protection of Venice, with its good trade relations with the Turks.
Civitavecchia is the seaport closest to Rome. In case you don't know Italian geography all that well (and I'm guilty too, I didn't until the cruise), it is on the side of the Italian peninsula completely opposite to the Adriatic Sea. While the Adriatic lies along Italy’s east coast, Civitavecchia is on the Tyrennhian Sea, which borders Italy to its west.